Tag Archives: Allergy

Home Care Tips for Cold & Sore Throat

Re blogged from my old post

Usually with winter respiratory and throat infection cases increases, but this year physicians and ENT clinics are witnessing increased number of Patients as Mumbai is experiencing unusual low levels of temperature.

With High level of pollutants and particulate matter allergic cold (rhinitis) and sore throat cases are on rise.

3157516906_2df91217faphoto by quirkyrocket at flickr creative commons

Here are few home care tips to fight with stuffy nose/sore throat:–

Though it does not replace proper diagnosis and medical management but it helps as supportive treatment in faster recovery and reduces sleepless nights. Personally I have advised these tips to patients and it works in lessening patient’s discomfort.

  •  Proper rest
  •  Take balanced diet with plenty of vitamin and minerals to boost defense mechanism.
  •  Vitamin c and zinc supplements.
  •  Keep hydration adequate as cold air has drying effect
  • Hot soups like tomato soup, chicken soup works wonder in thinning of secretions.
  •  Black pepper, basil leaves, cloves and ginger boil with water and drink at night time; it’s soothing and helps in mucus coming out.
  • Honey is age old miraculous natural cure from cough.
  • One pinch of turmeric with 1 cup warm milk helps in easy expulsion of mucus.
  • Researches show ginger, garlic and onion has medicinal properties and helps in cold and cough.


  • Gargles with warm saline (salt in warm water)
  •  Saline irrigation or nasal wash (1/4 teaspoonful of salt in lukewarm water)
  •  Humidification. Use of vaporizer (Steam inhalation) or humidifier can be done to increase the humidity in the air.
  •  Avoid smoking; active and passive.
  •  Avoid alcohol as it increases swelling of mucus membrane.
  •  Avoid dust, pollen, pets, deodorants, chemical irritants.
  • Do deep breathing exercises.

Get flu vaccine before season starts, it works.

  • Dress in layers wear woolen cloths
  • Protect hands and feet (30% of heat escapes through hands and feet
  • Cover head with hat or scarf (40% of heat lost through head)

Protective Measures to avoid workplace allergen/irritants

Previous post- workplace allergy; where is the risk?

Best treatment for workplace allergy is avoidance of allergen but one can not just stop going to work…So certain measures should be taken to reduce the risk.

Sensitized workers should be removed from the offending environmental agent and the workplace modified or they can be relocated to another work area. People with irritant reactions may work with protective measures which should address worker and work environment.

Personal control-

  • Nutritional support of body defenses especially Vitamin C, zinc, selenium and magnesium.
  • Keep good hygienic measures by frequent hand washing but avoid excessive washing as resulting dryness may actually predispose to allergic/contact dermatitis.
  • Use masks, gloves, and protective clothing. Air hoods are better than simple filter-type face masks to adequately protect from exposure to allergens. A helmet with a respirator that protects against dusts can also be used. Gloves may sometimes actually cause contact dermatitis or certain irritants may penetrate through it and trapped inside.
  • Health Education and awareness regarding occupational allergy Posters and newsletter articles) is very important.
  • Workers in high risk areas should have routine checks for work related allergic sensitization by means of Skin Tests and Lung Function Tests.

Environmental control-

  • Keep your work area uncluttered as dust and molds gets collected over piles of papers, books, and files.
  • Dust your workplace regularly using a damp cloth. Tiles, plumbing fixtures, Leather goods should be regularly inspected and wiped down with Milton or Lysol.
  • Reduce moisture, as relative humidity greater than 40 percent increases mold growth.  Don’t use carpets in areas with dampness. Remove anything damaged by water including carpet pad to prevent establishment of a mold colony.
  • Clean humidifier regularly of the mold in the water container. Try lowering the thermostat.
  • Improve the air quality and circulation by periodic checking of work place air exchange system.
  • Use an air purifier which can help keep the air around your workstation clean. Environmental Control measures include the use of ventilated spray-paint booths, extractor fans, respirators and visors.
  • Ask coworkers not to smoke around you as Cigarette, pipe, and cigar smoke can aggravate allergies.

Allergic diseases in the workplace is a cause of growing concern for work related morbidity and absence from work. Every effort should be taken at all possible levels to protect from allergen. Further research is needed to answer questions concerning threshold levels for initial sensitization and post-sensitization reaction-producing levels.