Tag Archives: diagnosing autism

Role of ENT (Otolaryngologist) in Autism

Though pediatrician /developmental specialist will often diagnose autism but few kids may visit E.N.T. specialist (otolaryngologist) and we (ENT) should act early to make sure that every autistic child can develop their full potential.

We know now that early intervention results in dramatic improvement in child. That’s why it is important for  ENTs also to know how to diagnose autism spectrum disorder for timely referral.

Autistic-sweetiepie-boy-with-ducksinarow

Image credit wikipedia under GFDL 

Pediatric ENT specialist often come in contact with child with speech delay  to rule out ear or hearing problems and if we are aware of autism red flags and able to identify those warning signs of ASD we can refer child timely.

One step ahead we can be more vigilant for red flags for early signs in as most kids from 3 month to 3 yrs visit ENT clinic for middle ear infection.  

  We should be immediately referring child –

  • -To developmental pediatrician/pediatric neurologist/child psychiatrist for early diagnosis
  • -To speech therapist for speech & language therapy,
  • Occupational therapist/Behavioural Therapist for sensory integration.

Autistic child can have lots of intellectual potential and they are not able to tell us and we can help them achieve their full potential by guiding them in right direction.

During 3 years journey of Audicco Gliriaa Speech Hearing center Vashi, Navi Mumbai and working closely with paediatric audiologist – speech therapist gives me more opportunity to learn more about autism and about struggles of parents of amazing autistic kids.

Also being in close association with paediatrician, developmental paediatrician and pediatric neurologist helps me to act timely.

Help spread the word about Autism. Take developmental milestone quiz-

You can read more at Few Autism Sites and Blogs

Autism Society blog

circle-of-moms

entwellbeing.com.au

autismindia.com

doast.com/understanding-treatment-possibilities-in-autism/

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As per Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2013 May;77(5):629-34. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2013.02.006. Epub 2013 Mar 29. —“ASD patients have a higher incidence of profound sensorineural hearing loss, middle ear infections, and abnormalities of the cochlear nerve and brainstem auditory pathways.”

Articles from Medline, Embase, Current contents, Psychlit,  CINAHL and Healthstar were reviewed, you can read abstract -“The otological manifestations associated with autistic spectrum disorders. Chin RY1Moran TFenton JE.” at  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23541959
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World Autism Awareness Day…Diagnose early…

April is Autism Awareness Month, and Friday 2nd April is world autism awareness day… an opportunity to raise public awareness about autism and also to celebrate the unique skills and talents of people with autism.

Training in the use of diagnostic tools and experience of people with autism is essential to meet growing need to diagnose autism.  It is very important for medical professionals to understand emotional strain on families and they should guide them towards appropriate services.

Autism is a complex developmental disability which affects a person’s ability of social interaction and communication. Autism is a spectrum disorder which affects each individual in different ways and to varying degrees.

It is usually first noticed when a child reaches the age of three and is basically identified by three areas of difficulty for the autistic person: Social relationships and communications, imagination and planning, and repetitive behaviors. The autistic person may appear aloof and indifferent to those around him.

For some reason some of the cells of brain -especially those that affect communication, emotions and senses-don’t develop properly or get damaged.

Factors contributing are-
1. Genetic component
2. Environmental factors like viruses

Treatment

There is no known cure for Autism but there are treatment & educational approaches that may help in improving quality of life for autistic kid & family members.
Intervention may help to reduce disruptive behavior and self-help skills can be taught for greater independence.

Treatment options are following–

  • Learning & behavioral
  • Diet, vitamins, minerals
  • Medications
  • Complimentary therapies like music, art and animal therapy
  • Occupational therapy, physical therapy, speech therapy

Treatment should begin as early as possible and should be tailored for every child to meet his potential and needs. It should be a multidisciplinary team approach (requires co-operation between health care provider and educational institutes).

Let us join together in our efforts to raise awareness about autism…