Tag Archives: E.N.T. Specialist

What causes Ear Pain – How to get relief?

Edited my old blog post  ear pain

Earache (or Ear pain) in adult and children is one of the most common reasons for visiting ENT specialist and common reason my clinic gets calls on the helpline during Sundays, nights and other emergencies.  

The most common cause of ear pain is swelling or infection within the ear itself and diagnosis is simple. However, sometimes the cause is not in the ear, but in remote areas, known as referred earache. Therefore, finding out the cause of referred ear ache is real challenge and requires thorough examination by ENT doctor.

ear-pain treatment by ENT

 Causes of Ear Pain-

Common causes of earache are Outer ear infection (otitis externa), Middle ear Infection (acute otitis media), eustachian tube blockage and impacted wax.  

  1. Causes of ear pain within the ear
  •  Outer Ear and Ear-canal– Outer ear canal infection (Otitis externa), impacted wax, boil, Herpes Zoster
  • Middle ear– Infection (Acute otitis media), Eustachian tube blockage, Glue ear, travel by flight
2. Causes of ear pain outside the ear (Referred Earache)– 
  • Carious tooth, impacted wisdom tooth
  • TMJ (Jaw joint) disorder
  • Oral cavity and tongue-ulcers
  • Mumps/ Parotitis
  • Base of tongue- ulcer, tumor
  • Sore throat (Pharyngitis), tonsillitis, after tonsillectomy surgery
  • Elongated styloid process stretching nerve

  Common reasons and treatment of Ear Pain:

External ear infection (Otitis Externa)– Moisture may be trapped inside the canal while bathing or injury may occur in the skin of the ear canal while using ear buds to clean the ear. Consequently outer ear and ear canal infection develops.  Further, it may lead to fungal infection of the skin of outer ear.

Ear pain of otitis externa worsens on touching the ear and there may be swelling of the ear and blocked ear feeling.

Treatment Outer ear infection is treated with combination antibiotic and steroid ear drops for 7-10 days.

If ear swelling is severe a wick/ear dressing soaked with ear drops or ointment is placed in the canal. Oral antibiotics and analgesics are prescribed.

Furthermore if pus accumulates, incision and drainage may be required.

Impacted wax and foreign bodies–  Ear wax is not a disease rather it makes a protective layer in the ear canal. It may be a reason of ear pain; also attempts to clean the wax at home may hurt the skin, as a result ear infection develops.

Removal of Impacted ear wax causing obstruction and ear foreign bodies is done by an ENT Specialist by instruments or syringing.

If wax is hard then wax-softening ear drops may be prescribed for 5-7 days and ear cleaning is done after wax becomes soft.

Eustachian-tube block and glue ear Eustachian tube connects the middle ear with the nasopharynx. It helps with ventilation of the middle ear and drainage of fluid from the middle ear.

Cold, allergy, sinusitis, adenoids or sore throat may cause blockage of the tube therefore resulting in ear pain.

Tube blockage creates negative pressure in the middle ear, which in turn leads to fluid accumulation in the middle ear (Glue ear). Subsequently, increasing pressure in the middle ear may cause pain in the ear.

Treatment of Eustachian tube blockage is oral decongestants and nasal drops. Antibiotics may be given for glue ear.

If the fluid persists for more than 3 months, then a tiny tube (Grommet) may be placed into ear drum.

Otitis media– Otitis media is infection of middle ear which often spreads from cold, flu, sore throat or allergy.  

Treatment -Visit to an ENT clinic is required for proper diagnosis and suitable antibiotics prescription by an ENT doctor. Additionally pain killer, oral or nasal decongestants and antibiotic ear drops may be advised.

  Home remedies for ear pain-

  •  You can apply a cold pack or warm compresses to the ear to reduce pain.
  • Some safe over the counter pain-relievers can be used to ease the ear pain.
  • Do not use ear buds/q tips to clean the ear.
  •  Avoid putting oil, water or any other thing in the ear

Earache may be because of a myriad of reasons. Most common causes are impacted, wax, minor injury while ear cleaning, Eustachian tube blockage and ear infection due to cold.

If Ear pain is severe, continuous or associated with hearing problem, dizziness, headache, fever or is simply unexplainable you should visit your ENT specialist for timely treatment.

What to do if you have piercing /shooting ear Pain?  —Contact ENT clinic, Vashi, Navi Mumbai

 

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entindia by Dr Rajesh Kalra

I am always inspired by Dr Rajesh Kalra’s blog – ‘http://www.entindia.net/‘ , a sincere and nice effort helpful to E.N.T fraternity and to all.

I regularly follow his blog to know recent activity or conference going on in the field of oto-laryngology, in fact I found his blog long back while searching for ‘workshops in Mumbai’.

E.N.T. clinic set up; Instruments and common terms

E.N.T. Specialist (oto-rhino-laryngologist):-

A doctor who specializes in diagnosing and managing diseases (by medicines or surgery) of Ear-Nose and throat.

Evaluation of the ear, nose and throat requires good source of light. Most important is, no doubt, skilled hands and experienced eyes.

Some instruments and common terms used in E.N.T. practice:

Head-mirror and bulls lamp: –

bulls-lamp Bulls lamp placed above and behind the patient’s shoulder has got a bulb and Plano-convex lens to send focused light to head mirror.

head mirror and ent-specialist1 Head mirror (I like to describe it as “naag-mani”), has special concave lens to reflect light from bull’s lamp. The examiner sees through the hole in the center of the mirror for binocular vision.


images1

Some professionals use Head-light in place of bull’s lamp and head mirror.



Endoscopy unit:

endoscopelight source, camera and nasal endoscope are being used in a modern

ENT set-up for video demonstration of otherwise hidden- from patient’s-cavities.


Tongue depressor: –

tongue-depressor

To depress tongue and examine oral cavity.


Nasal speculum: –

thudichum nasal_speculumHelp in viewing inside of nose, procedure to inspect nasal cavity is called anterior rhinoscopy.


Laryngeal mirrors: –

il-mirror Used to examine larynx and laryngo-pharynx. Doctor will hold your tongue and will see reflection of larynx in the mirror that is why it is called indirect laryngoscopy.

Video-laryngoscopy is routinely used now a days using telescope.

Postnasal mirror: -used to examine nasopharynx and posterior part of nasal cavity, a procedure called posterior rhinoscopy.

Ear-speculum: –

ear_specula Inserted into ear to see inside of ear canal and ear drum.


Otoscope:

otoscope

It is battery operated device with magnifying glass, gives magnified view of ear drum.

ear-exam1Otoscope is most essential tool in the hands of otolaryngologist; I often use it to inspect ear, nose and throat of infant, child or bed-ridden patients or places (like rural-camps) where an equipped E.N.T. set-up is not present.


Siegel’s speculum: – It helps to test mobility of ear drum, a very essential part of ear examination.

Jobson-Horne’s probe:

jobson-horn-and-probe1 I call it “chhoti jadu ki chhadi” (tiny magic-stick). On the one end of the probe cotton can be applied and used to clean ears of any discharge. Other end has got ring like structure to remove wax, dried secretion and foreign body.


Forceps

hartmann-forceps161noyes-forceps141 (Tilley’s or Hartman’s) for packing or grasping.

Eustachian catheter: – To see the patency of Eustachian tube.


Suction-apparatus: – To suck out discharge or blood from ear or nose for detailed examination.


Ear microscope (operating microscope): –

ent-microscope To examine the ear drum more precisely under magnification, a procedure called Examination under microscope (EUM).

It gives the doctor the freedom to use suction and other Instruments in the ear.

Microscopy is used to clean discharge, to inspect ear drum, middle ear or any pathology before surgery, and to remove impacted wax or foreign bodies from ear.


Tunning Forks:

tunning-forkTo roughly assess degree and type of hearing impairment.


Pure tone audiometer and impedance meter:-

To test degree and type of hearing-loss.


tympanometer1

pure tone audiometer

Pure tone audiometer and Tympanometer